Basic Jurisdictional Principles
A Theological Inventory of American Jurisprudence
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  Glossary: Important Expressions 1  
 

Adamic epoch — In the eons covered by the Biblical chronology, all the time following the fall of humanity, we call the Adamic epoch.

administrative provinces — "[I]n the Philadelphia Convention on June 18, 1787, [Alexander Hamilton] proposed a consolidated national government for the United States with one underlying sovereign principle so as to reduce the States to administrative provinces. . . .  Hamilton’s proposal sought international glory for the United States, but it was an idea which could not be stomached. . . .  Those who framed and adopted the American Constitution understood that a confederacy of free, sovereign, and independent States would not be as powerful as a centralized and indivisible Nation. They intentionally designed something stronger than what they had before, but weaker than what they could have constructed." 2 (emphases and hyperlinks added) — In keeping with what is clearly the majority opinion of the framers, we use "administrative provinces" to designate the status of the States under the scheme proposed by Hamilton at the constitutional convention of 1787. — See Article I § 3 / administrative provinces (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_0_Art_I_Sec_1-7.htm​#AdminProv) and Article II § 2 / confederate republic (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_3_Art_II.htm​#ConfedRep).

American commons — By American commons, we mean the commons that is owned collectively by the American people, the people of the united States. — See 1st Amendment (Emperor’s "Parade of Horribles") / commons land (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_6_Am_I_(​Parade_of_Horr​).htm​#CommonsLand).

anarchy era — Closely following the Biblical chronology starting at Genesis 1:1, it’s clear that the Adamic epoch that starts in Genesis 3 is divisible into the anarchy era, in which the human condition was marked by anarchy, and the post-anarchy era.

Baron de MontesquieuBaron de Montesquieu was a French philosopher whose writings were much loved by the Framers. For example, the speech that George Mason gave before the Virginia convention to ratify-or-reject the new united States Constitution, on June 14, 1788 (See Article II § 2 / George Mason, URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_3_Art_II.htm​#GMason.), was essentially a paraphrase of Montesquieu. 3 — Also see Article I § 8 cl 1 / Montesquieu (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_0_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_1.htm​#Montesquieu) and Montesquieu’s Spirit of Laws (URL: http://www.constitution.org/​cm/​sol.htm).

base — See base class.

base class — In the object oriented computer programming paradigm, a base class is a class upon which another class is based. For example, the class of "man" is based on the class of "human being", so "human being" is a base class for the class of "man". "Harry" is an instantiation of the class of "man", where "man" is based on the "human being" class. Since "man" is based on "human being", "man" is a derived class of "human being". Since "Harry" is an instantiation of "man", "Harry" is an object within the "man" class. "Man" inherits attributes and abilities from "human being". — In the object oriented computer programming paradigm, base class is sometimes a synonym for superclass.

biblical standards of morality — By biblical standards of morality, we mean the standards of morality that are commonly held by sincere Bible-believing people – both Christians and Jews – who often fail to understand the jurisdictional boundaries placed on their morality by the in personam jurisdictions of the Biblical Covenants. Biblical standards of morality have jurisdictional boundaries that are established by Scripture itself, but most students of Scripture have been historically overlooked such boundaries.

Civil War AmendmentsCivil War Amendments is the expression commonly used to refer to the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution. — See Article I § 8 cl 4 / alienage & naturalization (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_3_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_4.htm​#YickWo).

class — In the object oriented computer programming paradigm, a class is the mechanism that is used to create an object. For example, if a programmer wanted to create an object named "Harry", he might start by building a class called "human being". The class, human being, would have many attributes and abilities, including birth date, sex, height, hair color, ability to walk, ability to talk, etc. These attributes and abilities exist as abstract fields and methods that can vary over the whole class of human beings. When making the object named "Harry", these fields and methods take on the attributes and abilities, respectively, that define the specific human being named "Harry". — See Maxims of the Global Covenant / #21.

commons land — When we say commons land, we’re not referring to land. We’re speaking of land in the ordinary sense of the word. So commons land is a commons that is specifically land, and doesn’t generally include wild animals, wild plants, outside air, inland waterways, or oceans; although some of these things may be attached to the land, and may therefore be included in it. — See 1st Amendment (Emperor’s "Parade of Horribles") / commons land (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_6_Am_I_(​Parade_of_Horr​).htm​#CommonsLand).

compact theory — See compact theory of government.

compact theory of government — (i)What we call the compact theory of government is largely the same as what traditional jurisprudence calls the social contract, or compact, but with at least one extremely significant difference. For "the philosophers of the social contract, like Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, human beings, on their own – that is, without God’s help – reason out the necessity of instituting laws and punishment; human beings, on their own, contract to form societies on the basis of these laws.". 4 In contrast with these philosophers, we acquire our conception of the compact theory of government primarily from Genesis. We believe that nothing in the universe happens outside of God’s providence. We believe that governments form, and dissolve, providentially. This, along with numerous other distinctions, makes this compact theory of government different from the traditional compact theory. (ii)Like the compact theory, the compact theory of government revolves around the attempt to form governments based on consent. Various compact theories have this stated goal in common with the investigation’s compact theory, but vary radically in the rationality with which the goal is sought. For example, slave owners like Senator John C. Calhoun expounded a compact theory, but did so by mixing huge chunks of moral stupidity, pretentious irrationality, and bloodshed with their presumed goal. — See Preface / compact theory (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​#CompactTheory) and Article I § 8 cl 4 / John Locke (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_3_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_4.htm​#JLocke). — Anyone concerned about how, or whether, this ancient social contract school of thought could possibly relate to Biblical history, should consider this: The Tanakh ("Old Testament") was translated into Greek in the third century B.C. by way of Ptolemy Philadelphus (284-247 B.C.), thereby creating the Septuagint, which was thereafter available to Greek and Roman scholars. The social contract, or compact school can be traced back to the ancient Greek Sophists. It’s impossible to know whether the Septuagint had any influence on ancient legal philosophers, but it’s nevertheless obvious that the first eleven chapters of Genesis is a perfect template for the social contract school to work through. Maybe they did. Who can say? — See social contract, natural law, and social contract theory.

confederate republic — "Montesquieu taught that an extensive territory can be governed by a strong autocracy, but there is an alternative, which, if rightly constructed, can capture the benefits of both centralized and diversified government, viz., a well conceived association of states called a confederate republic, something more centralized than the Holy Roman Empire, but less centralized than the Kingdom of France." 5 We believe that such a confederate republic was the intention of the framers, not a monolithic national government like the one we now have, and not a dysfunctional confederacy like the one they had under the Articles of Confederation. — See Article I § 8 cl 1 / confederate republic (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_0_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_1.htm​#ConfederateRepublic) and Article II § 2 / confederate republic (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_3_Art_II.htm​#ConfedRep).

consolidated nation — See consolidated national government.

consolidated national government — The process of national consolidation has caused many people to assume that we have a single central government based in Washington, D.C., and all State and local governments are little, if anything, more than administrative provinces of this all-powerful central government. This overarching government is often called the "federal government". In fact, "federal" was originally used by the framers to refer to the system they created, which was not a consolidated nation that had administrative provinces, but instead, a confederate republic, in which the States and the people retained most of their sovereignty. Under their design, "federal" referred to the confederate republic, not to a consolidated nation. When we speak of a consolidated national government, we essentially mean the kind of system that we have now. — Unbeknownst to many, the distinction between a consolidated nation and a confederate republic relates directly to the types of banking and monetary systems adopted. Even though the majority of the framers wanted a confederate republic, unscrupulous and crafty men who were knowledgeable about British banking were promoting banking and monetary policies that covertly promoted national consolidation. Example: Alexander Hamilton (i)explicitly promoted national consolidation at the 1787 constitutional convention; (ii)spoke glowingly of sound money at the constitutional convention; 6 (iii)promoted the confederate republic (instead of national consolidation) in his Federalist Papers (#9, pp. 71-76); and (iv)built the new nation’s second central bank, which promoted fractional-reserve banking, and thereby implicitly promoted national consolidation. 7 — See Great Compromise, Article I § 1 / Great Compromise (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_0_Art_I_Sec_1-7.htm​#GreatComp), Article I § 3 / administrative provinces (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_0_Art_I_Sec_1-7.htm​#AdminProv), and Article II § 2 / confederate republic (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_3_Art_II.htm​#ConfedRep).

de facto Protestant establishment — Because of the failure by most people who adhere to biblical standards of morality, to rightly discern the in personam jurisdictions of the Biblical Covenants, there was, to some extent, the establishment of Protestantism as the national religion. — See 1st Amendment(De Facto Protestant Establishment), URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_1_Am_I_(​De_Facto_Prot_Est​).htm​#DeFactoProtest.

de facto secular humanist establishment — Starting roughly in the 1940s, secular humanism has been hailed implicitly and increasingly as the established religion of the (i)united States, (ii)United States, and (iii)UNITED STATES. We therefore call this period the de facto secular humanist establishment. — See 1st Amendment(De Facto Secular Humanist Establishment), URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_2_Am_I_(​De_Facto_Sec_Hum_Est​).htm​#DeFactoSecular.

deflation — When prices over the general economy fall over time, economists call this deflation. It’s the opposite of inflation. — See Article I § 8 cl 3 / rediscount (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_2_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_3.htm​#Rediscount) and Article I § 8 cl 5 / frn confidence (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_4_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_5.htm​#FRNConfidence).

Depression — See Great Depression.

derivative class — See base class.

dictatorship of the proletariat — In Marxist ideology, Karl Marx and his followers theorized that during the transition from capitalism to communism, the "working class" would seize the government and the means of production by force. They would then establish a dictatorship run by the same "working class". Since, in their jargon, "working class" and "proletariat" are equivalent, the dictatorship would be called the dictatorship of the proletariat. We take some literary license with this expression, and mean by it any democracy in which the majority dictates its will to minorities, without the latter’s consent. — See proletariat, Article II § 2 / George Mason (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_3_Art_II.htm​#GMason), and Article VI cl 2 / dictatorship of the proletariat (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_5_Art_IV-VII.htm​#DictOfProletariat).

distinction between commerce and manufacturing — In United States v. E. C. Knight Co. the Supreme Court made a distinction between commerce and manufacturing and indicated that manufacturing was outside the scope of the "regulate Commerce" clause. — See Article I § 8 cl 3 / regulation of commerce (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_2_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_3.htm​#RegCommerce).

Edenic epoch — In the eons covered by the Biblical chronology, there is a time that preceded the fall of humanity. We call this period of time before the fall the Edenic epoch.

epoch — Even a superficial reading of Genesis leads to the conclusion that according to Biblical fact, human history is clearly divisible into epochs. Here’s an overview of the most obvious epochs: All history divides into the Edenic epoch and the Adamic epoch, where the human race still exists in the Adamic epoch. The Adamic epoch divides into the anarchy era and the law-enforcement epoch, where the human race still exists in the law-enforcement epoch. The law-enforcement epoch divides into the one-nation epoch and the many-nations epoch, where the human race still exists in the many-nations epoch.

Federal Reserve scam — By Federal Reserve scam, we mean the either intentional or unintentional mismanagement of the economy by the Federal Reserve. — Even though we make allowances for this scam being in part unintentional, meaning that some people may have been unknowing accomplices in the perpetration of fraud, we are convinced that it was, and is, essentially a criminal conspiracy perpetrated by a cabal of bankers. For a thorough treatment of this claim, see The Creature from Jekyll Island. — See Article I § 8 cl 3 / rediscount (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_2_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_3.htm​#Rediscount); Article I § 8 cl 5 / Federal Reserve Act (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_4_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_5.htm​#FedReserveAct); Article I § 10 cl 1 / lawful v. legal (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_3_Art_I_Sec_10.htm​#LawfulLegal); Article III § 2 cl 1(Summary) / Federal Reserve Act (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_4_1_0_4_Art_III_Sec_2_Cl_1_(​Summary​).htm​#FedResAct); Article V (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_5_Art_IV-VII.htm​#Article5); 1st Amendment (Emperor’s "Parade of Horribles") / "faith-based initiative" (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_6_Am_I_(​Parade_of_Horr​).htm​#MitchellVHelms); and 5th Amendment(Original Intent) / tax & destroy (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_1_Am_V_(​Original_Intent​).htm​#McCulloch).

feedback loop — "A process in which a system regulates itself by monitoring its own output and then sending this data back to the input to control the overall operation. A familiar example of a feedback device is the thermostat that controls room temperature. A more complex example is the automatic pilot on an airplane that maintains the craft in straight and level flight at a preset altitude. . . .  In physiology, our brain uses feedback information to control various muscles and joints. Feedback control systems are necessary in automation or in robotics." 8 — Because feedback loops are so common in nature, we believe that it is also an important concept in theology, and in any positive law that may derive directly or indirectly therefrom. — See Article III § 2 cl 1(Unjust Enrichment) / definition of contract (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_4_1_0_3_Art_III_Sec_2_Cl_1_(​Unj_Enrich​).htm​#Gifts).

Founders — There is a distinction between the Founders and the Framers. The Founders are those educators, mostly pastors, who prepared the American population to accept the organic documents.

fractional reserve banking — See Federal Reserve scam and Article I § 8 cl 5 / Federal Reserve Act (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_4_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_5.htm​#FedReserveAct).

Framers — There is a distinction between the Founders and the Framers. The Framers wrote the nation’s organic documents. In other words, Framers is the same as framers, which are those who formulated, contrived, shaped, constructed, arranged, produced, the organic documents of the united States, especially the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution.

free market — A genuinely free market is one in which supply and demand are the only determinants of the allocation of resources. This means that in a free market, governmental interference in the economy is minimized, and the primacy of property rights is accepted, and esteemed. The only kind of monetary system that’s consistent with a free market is one that’s based on barter, and on substance. This marks one of the major differences between free market and capitalism. Capitalism broadcasts a monetary system that’s based on debt, and uses non-redeemable, fiat paper money. Capitalism also differs radically from a genuine free market in that minimal governmental interference in the economy has a different meaning in capitalism from what it has in a free market. Capitalism is based on the concept of government that’s equivalent to the national consolidation. A genuinely free market is based on conceptions of government that derive directly from consent, the existence of social compacts that are composed of ecclesiastical compacts and jural compacts, the explicit honoring and recognition of private property rights, and the explicit honoring and recognition of the geographical jurisdictions of secular and religious social compacts. Capitalism and free market are absolutely not the same. — DISCLAIMER: For decades now, the Federal Reserve has been flying a "free market" banner. We see this as nothing other than Orwellian language pollution. — See Article III § 2 cl 1 (Unjust Enrichment) / free market (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_4_1_0_3_Art_III_Sec_2_Cl_1_(​Unj_Enrich​).htm​#FreeMarket); Article VI cl 2 / free market (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_5_Art_IV-VII.htm​#FreeMarket); 1st Amendment (Emperor’s "Parade of Horribles") / free market (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_6_Am_I_(​Parade_of_Horr​).htm​#FreeMarket); 5th Amendment (Introduction) / free market (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_0_Am_V_(​Intro​).htm​#FreeMarket1st); and 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / land acquisition (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(​Free_Market​).htm​#FreeMarket2nd).

general — See general government.

general government — We use general government as a euphemism for what is commonly known as the federal government. We make this switch because "federal" is a word whose meaning has changed over time. Immediately after September 17, 1787 – the date the delegates to the constitutional convention approved the Constitution – a "federalist", in common parlance, was someone who wanted a stronger confederation. Since the War Between the States, the "federal government" is essentially synonymous with what was once known as the general government, and is now also known as the "national government". The process of national consolidation has caused many people to assume that we have a single central government based in Washington, D.C., and that all State and local governments are little, if anything, more than administrative provinces of this all-powerful central government. This overarching government is often called the "federal government". In fact, "federal" was originally used by the framers to refer to the system they created, which was not a consolidated nation that had administrative provinces, but instead, a confederate republic in which the States and the people retained most of their sovereignty. Under their design, "federal" referred to the confederate republic, not to a consolidated nation. In terms of de facto law, we no longer have a federal system, but a consolidated nation with administrative provinces. "General government" was the expression used to refer to the limited government that was based in D.C. To avoid this misuse of the word, "federal", we call the government based in D.C. the general government. For the sake of the de jure law, we call the whole system "federal", not just the monolithic, centralized government.

Great Compromise — At the constitutional convention in 1787, there were heated differences over how the congress under the new constitution would be structured. It was understood that the structure of the congress would reflect the structure of the government. Congress might be structured in a way that might make the general government too national, and thereby infringe on State sovereignty. On the other hand, congress might be structured in a way that left the general government too weak, as it was under the Articles of Confederation. The convention’s compromise on this issue is sometimes called the Great Compromise. — See Article I § 1 / Great Compromise (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_0_Art_I_Sec_1-7.htm​#GreatComp); Article I § 3 / administrative provinces (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_0_Art_I_Sec_1-7.htm​#AdminProv); and 17th Amendment (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_C_Am_XI-XXVII.htm​#GreatComp).

Great Depression — The severe downturn in economic activity that occurred during the 1930s is typically called the Great Depression. — See Article I § 8 cl 1 / reform surge (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_0_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_1.htm​#Schechter); Article I § 8 cl 3 / rediscount (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_2_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_3.htm​#Rediscount); and Article I § 10 cl 1 / dead contracts clause (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_3_Art_I_Sec_10.htm​#Blaisdell).

inflation — When prices over the general economy rise over time, economists call this inflation. It’s the opposite of deflation. The most profound causes of inflation are fractional-reserve banking and fiat money. — For a thorough analysis of this claim, see The Creature from Jekyll Island. Also see Article I § 8 cl 5 / frn confidence (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_4_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_5.htm​#FRNConfidence).

instantiated — See instantiated object.

instantiated object — In the object oriented computer programming paradigm, an instantiated object is an actual occurrence of a class. For example, "Harry" is an instance – also known as an instantiated object – of the class of "man". — See base class and 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / property instantiation (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(Free_Market).htm​#FreeMarket2nd).

international commons — By international commons, we mean the commons that is owned collectively by all the people on the planet, and in which all people have some minute interest, and in which some people may have some stronger interest than most, but over which no one has established dominion. — See 1st Amendment(Emperor’s "Parade of Horribles") / international commons (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_8_6_Am_I_(​Parade_of_Horr​).htm​#InternationalCommons).

inventory — Refers to this Basic Jurisdictional Principles: A Theological Inventory of American Jurisprudence.

investigation — This examination or inventory of American jurisprudence is based on a Bible-based theology. In this inventory of American jurisprudence, we call this foundational theology the investigation, short for Basic Jurisdictional Principles: An Investigation into the Biblical Deposition of Human Law and Divine Grace. The investigation is presently unpublished and takes the form of an unfinished systematic theology. It’s reasonable to understand A Theodicy: Science, Bible, & Law (URL: ../../0_Theodicy/) as being a synopsis of the investigation. The theodicy and Hermeneutical Prolegomenon for "An Investigation into the Biblical Deposition of Human Law and Divine Grace" (URL: ../​1_6_Herm_Proleg_R.htm) combine to manifest this systematic theology’s major distinctions.

knowledge base — In computer science, a knowledge base is generally a centralized repository of information. It differs from a public library in that it is not usually a static collection of such information, but is rather capable of learning in the artificial-intelligence sense of the word, learn. This capacity for artificial learning is also what distinguishes a knowledge base from the more traditional data base. — In the investigation, we use this term loosely, to refer to some centralized repository of information. See Maxims of the Global Covenant / #18.

labor — By labor, we mean largely the same thing as labor. But to insure that our use of this word is not tainted by the same presumptions that afflict labor, we mark it with a distinct moniker. — See property-interest model of secondary property and 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / labor (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(​Free_Market​).htm​#FreeMarket2nd).

land — By land, we mean largely the same thing as land. But to insure that our use of this word is not tainted by the same presumptions that afflict land, we mark it with a distinct moniker. — See property-interest model of secondary property and 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / land (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(​Free_Market​).htm​#FreeMarket2nd).

law-enforcement epoch — This is that part of the Adamic epoch that is marked by a blanket mandate from God to all of humanity to avoid the most prominent aspect of anarchy, bloodshed. Also known as the post-anarchy era.

manifest destiny — This is a phrase used by American politicians, educators, leaders, etc., during the 1840s, to promote expansion of the nation’s territorial boundaries from the Atlantic to the Pacific. — See 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / manifest destiny (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(​Free_Market​).htm​#ManifestDestiny).

many-nations epoch — The Biblical epoch that started with the collapse of the Tower of Babel and the division of the human race into many nations and languages spread all over the planet, and that continues to the present day.

Montesquieu — See Baron de Montesquieu.

national consolidation — Refers to the transformation of the nation from a confederate republic into a consolidated nation. It was originally designed to be a confederate republic, and that’s what it was to a large extent prior to the War Between the States. Since then, it has changed into a consolidated nation.

natural law — In the investigation, we use a definition of natural law that is derived from what we think is a reasonable understanding of Scripture. The investigation’s definition is essentially Judaeo-Christian. In Anglo-American jurisprudence, the definition of natural law had its origin in the Greek sophists, was heavily modified by various kinds of Christian theology and legal practices, and since the 19th century has been generally debased by the process of secularization. Because the Founders and Framers tended to be more Christian, and more studied in Biblical scholarship, than most modern Americans, and because they were also generally better read in the classics, we believe their conception of natural law needs to be distinguished from the modern, secular comprehension of natural law. We also believe that they did not have the same rigorous understanding of Biblical jurisprudence that the investigation provides, and that the theodicy delineates. So we mark their general understanding of natural law with this special bold-italic moniker, to distinguish their understanding from the investigation’s, and from the current legal conception.

natural law philosophy — See natural law.

non-instantiated — See instantiated.

object — In the object oriented computer programming paradigm, an object is an instance of a class. For example, Harry is an instance of the class of people, and is therefore an object within this paradigm.

object orientedObject oriented computer programming is one of several programming paradigms that have come into existence since the invention of the electronic computer. A programming paradigm is a method of organizing code. In the early days of electronic data processing, there was often no attempt at organizing code for any purpose other than to make it run fast. This paradigm was dominant during the 1950s and 60s. Later code was organized by function. This was called "structured programming", or the "procedural paradigm". This paradigm became dominant during the 70s and 80s. When personal computers and graphical user interfaces became common during the 80s and 90s, many programmers started preferring "modular programming", also known as the object oriented paradigm, over the previous paradigms. — All computer programming languages that are classified as object-oriented have three traits in common: encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance: (i)Encapsulation is the mechanism that binds together code (computer operations often called methods) and the data that the code manipulates (in the form of variables that are often called fields). The process of encapsulating methods and fields is the process of creating a class. When a class is instantiated with specific data, rather than merely with variables, it is called an object. (ii)Polymorphism is the capacity for one name to be used for two or more related but technically different purposes. (iii)Inheritance is the construction of one class based on another. It is the process by which an object can acquire the properties of another object. — Inheritance is what makes an understanding of the object-oriented programming paradigm valuable (but not essential) in understanding the hermeneutic that is used in the investigation.

one-nation epoch — Following the Biblical chronology closely, it’s clear that the law-enforcement epoch is divisible into the one-nation epoch, which existed prior to the fall of the Tower of Babel, and the many-nations epoch that followed the Tower’s collapse.

post-anarchy era — This is that part of the Adamic epoch that is marked by a blanket mandate from God to all of humanity to avoid the most prominent aspect of anarchy, bloodshed. Also known as the law-enforcement epoch.

property-interest model of contracts — The property-interest model of contracts is a model, or theory, of contract formation and enforcement that is consistent with the investigation, the inventory, the theodicy, and the property-interest model of secondary property. — The purpose of Memorandum of Law: Contract Enforcement, Involuntary Servitude, & the Social Contract (URL: ../​1_5_Memo_on_Contracts_R.htm) is to expound this model.

property-interest model of secondary property — The property-interest model of secondary property is a model, or theory, of how people acquire possession, ownership, and title to secondary property, where such acquisition is consistent with the investigation, the inventory, and the theodicy. — See 5th Amendment (Free Market Economics) / property-interest model (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_A_2_Am_V_(​Free_Market​).htm​#PropertyInterestModel).

quasi-Marxist — By quasi-Marxist, we mean essentially the same thing as "Fabian socialist". The "Fabian Society" was a group of upper-middle-class English intellectuals that formed in the latter half of the 19th century. They were essentially socialists, like Marx, but they distinguished themselves by taking a "Fabian" approach to the revolutionary socialist process. They named their group after Fabius, the Roman general who opposed Hannibal’s army by patiently waiting for the prime opportunity for a hard strike. Following in the footsteps of the "Fabian Society", countless Americans have taken a gradualist approach to converting the united States into a socialist, consolidated nation over the last century. Because most of these people were not actually members of the "Fabian Society", we call them quasi-Marxists. It’s important to note in passing that we consider all proponents and practitioners of Keynesian economics to be quasi-Marxists. It’s true that Keynes considered Marxist philosophy and economics to be stupid. Nevertheless, like Marx, he recognized serious problems with the "capitalist" system. Marx proposed totalitarian intervention in the economy to solve these problems. Keynes proposed a more Fabian approach to intervention. The Keynesian system abuses private property rights in a "passive-aggressive" manner, rather than in the aggressive, Marxist manner. Such abuse by any other name is still bloodshed. — See Article III § 2 cl 1(Summary) / capitalism (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_4_1_0_4_Art_III_Sec_2_Cl_1_(​Summary​).htm​#Capitalism).

rule of seven — In the 1950s, a Princeton psychologist published a paper that claimed that, as a general rule of thumb, immediate memory has a span of about seven items, plus or minus two. 9

statism — The "concentration of economic controls and planning in the hands of a highly centralized government". 10 We believe the spirit of statism is the same spirit behind the building of the Tower of Babel.

superclass — Same as base class.

theodicy — Same as A Theodicy: Science, Bible, & Law (URL: ../../0_Theodicy/).

title-transfer model — The title-transfer model of contracts is a model, or theory, of contract formation and enforcement that is propounded by libertarian / anarcho-capitalist scholars such as Murray Rothbard and Williamson Evers. — The Memorandum of Law: Contract Enforcement, Involuntary Servitude, & the Social Contract (URL: ../​1_5_Memo_on_Contracts_R.htm) refutes this model by expounding the property-interest model.

types of consent — If we take both the investigation and the Declaration of Independence seriously, then we’re driven inevitably to conclude that when the Declaration says that "Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the consent of the governed", consent here necessarily has two different meanings. In this context, one type of consent pertains to the formation of a jural society, while the other type pertains to the formation of an ecclesiastical society. — See Article I § 8 cl 1 / two types of consent (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_2_1_0_Art_I_Sec_8_Cl_1.htm​#TwoConsents).

unalienable Rights — The Declaration of Independence states, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these, are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.". We mark this expression, "unalienable Rights", with a special moniker – unalienable Rights – because we blend the investigation’s conception of rights and property rights with the Declaration’s "unalienable Rights". — Even though they are "unalienable", Genesis 9:6 makes it clear that perpetration of bloodshed is grounds for human beings to treat the perpetrator as though his rights were alienated by the perpetration.

vigilance committee — "a volunteer committee of citizens organized to suppress and punish crime summarily (as when the processes of law appear inadequate)". 11

vigilante — "a member of a vigilance committee". 12

vigilantism — "the summary action resorted to by vigilantes when law fails". 13

What is Caesar’s? — In Matthew 22:21, Jesus tells His listeners, "[R]ender to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s." (NASB). One of the overriding goals of the investigation is to answer these questions, What is Caesar’s? and What is God’s?. — See Preamble / God’s v. Caesar’s (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_1_Preamble.htm​#GodsCaesars).

What is God’s? — In Matthew 22:21, Jesus tells His listeners, "[R]ender to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s." (NASB). One of the overriding goals of the investigation is to answer these questions, What is Caesar’s? and What is God’s?. — See Preamble / God’s v. Caesar’s (URL: ../../0_TIAJ/​0_1_Preamble.htm​#GodsCaesars).

Footnotes

1These words and expressions appear as bold-italic in the main text. They are usually hyperlinks into this glossary. — See typographical conventions.

2Principles of Confederacy, pp. 50-51. — Also see The Anti-Federalist Papers and The Constitutional Convention Debates, pp. 70-79; 5 Elliot’s Debates 198-205 (URL: http://memory.loc.gov/​cgi-bin/​ampage?​collId=lled&​fileName=005/​lled005.db&​recNum=219&​itemLink=r%3Fammem%2Fhlaw%3A@field%28​DOCID%2B​@lit%28ed0051%29%29%230050001&​linkText=1); Tansill’s Documents 215-225; 1 Ferrand’s Records 282-293 (Madison’s Notes, June 18, 1787) (URL: http://memory.loc.gov/​cgi-bin/​ampage?​collId=llfr&​fileName=001/​llfr001.db&​recNum=311&​itemLink=r%3Fammem%2Fhlaw%3A@field%28​DOCID%2B​@lit%28fr0012%29%29%230010003&​linkText=1); 1 Elliot’s Debates 417-423 (URL: http://memory.loc.gov/​cgi-bin/​ampage?​collId=lled&​fileName=001/​lled001.db&​recNum=432&​itemLink=r%3Fammem%2Fhlaw%3A@field%28​DOCID%2B​@lit%28ed0011%29%29%230010001&​linkText=1); Tansill’s Documents 776-783; 1 Ferrand’s Records 294-301 (Yates’ Minutes, June 18, 1787) (URL: http://memory.loc.gov/​cgi-bin/​ampage?​collId=llfr&​fileName=001/​llfr001.db&​recNum=323&​itemLink=r%3Fammem%2Fhlaw%3A@field%28​DOCID%2B​@lit%28fr0012%29%29%230010003&​linkText=1+).

3Principles of Confederacy, pp. 50-51.

4The Beginning of Wisdom: Reading Genesis, by Leon R. Kass, p. 173. — Some might argue that Locke’s version of the compact theory of government credited God with far more authority than Kass here indicates. You can judge this for yourself by looking at Locke’s writings on civil government, available at: (i)Constitution Society ("Second Treatise of Civil Government" only) (URL: http://www.constitution.org/​jl/​2ndtreat.htm) and (ii)McMaster University (both treatises) (URL: http://socserv2.mcmaster.ca/​~econ/​ugcm/​3ll3/​locke/​government.pdf).

5Principles of Confederacy, p. 51.

6The Creature from Jekyll Island, pp. 315-316.

7The Creature from Jekyll Island, p. 328.

8Dictionary of Scientific Literacy, pp. 104-105.

9The Psychological Review; vol. 63, pp. 81-97, "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information", by George A. Miller. — Available on the internet at URL: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/​Miller/.

10Webster’s Seventh, p. 856.

11Webster’s Seventh, p. 991.

12Webster’s Seventh, p. 991.

13Webster’s Seventh, p. 991.

 
 
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